Tag Archives: Protests

Muslim Brotherhood children wearing burial shrouds as they protest


Muslim Brotherhood children were made to wear burial shrouds as they protest to indicate that they are ready to be martyrs in the name of defending Morsi’s presidency.
This is yet again another disturbing violation of human rights committed by the Muslim Brotherhood. I dare anyone to talk to me about how peaceful and democratic the Muslim Brotherhood is after seeing this photo.

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The Western Media War Against the Egyptian Army


I was extremely disturbed by the level of bias that the western media has, as they clearly give more weight to the perspectives of and the accusations made by the Muslim Brotherhood than the official statements made by the ministry of interior. Here are a couple of examples to demonstrate by point:

Huffington Post: Egypt Clashes: At Least 38 Morsi Supporters Killed

BBC News: Egypt crisis: ‘Scores killed’ at Cairo protest

The New York Times: Scores of Demonstrators Killed in Egypt

The Washington Post: Dozens killed as Egyptian military fires on demonstrators at Morsi rally

The last one by The Washington Post being the most alarming, as its title is not only misleading, it is completely inaccurate as it lacks hard evidence for making this assertion. All three of these articles either give less weight to or altogether disregard the following points about the clashes earlier this morning:

  • The ministry of interior said that the armed forces only used tear gas and denied using live ammunition.
  • They also claimed that the pro-Morsi protestors acted provocatively and initiated the violence to demonize the army and shake its popularity to gain sympathy.
  • The protests were no longer peaceful. The protestors intercepted traffic and blocked a vital road. They set tires on fire. They committed acts of vandalism such as destroying the sidewalk and using it’s stones to build a defensive wall. They clashed with residence of a nearby districts and used live ammunition against them, killing many.
  • There were concerns that as they headed to the 6 October bridge, the bridge would not sustain the pressure and would collapse. Against police warnings and despite the use of teargas against them, the protestors continued to advance.
  • Dozens of officers were also shot and many suffer from fatal conditions.
  • There is NO evidence that the security forces shot at the protestors. The interior ministry claimed that the protestors were killed in violent clashes between them and the residents of the nearby district.

This is not to say that I am unsympathetic to the dozens killed in the clashes (there are disputes over exact figures). This is not true at all. I am grief-stricken at the escalation of violence in Egypt. I am only shedding light onto the blatant western media bias that I have noticed. And this is not to say that a bias does not exist in Arabic and Egyptian state news channels. Because there is.

On a final note, I want to say this. There is a saying in Egypt that I hold close to my heart: “Kol el dam haram”. This roughly translates as “All bloodshed is a sin/immoral”. We are all children of Egypt, and I send my deepest condolences to the families of those killed.

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A message to the Muslim Brotherhood: Enough lies. Enough blood.


I highly doubt that the police or the army is responsible for the deaths of the tens of Muslim Brotherhood members early this morning. A security official has said that only tear gas, not live ammunition, was used to disperse the Morsi supporters who were trying to block off a main road. On the other hand, the Brotherhood spokesman told Reuters news agency: “They are not shooting to wound, they are shooting to kill.”

But ask yourselves. What would the security forces gain from killing members of the pro-Morsi protestors? If they have the option of using tear gas to disperse the protests that were blocking the main road, why would they decide to shoot at them instead? Think rationally. Killing the protestors would actually work against them. The armed forces are currently widely popular among a large sector of the Egyptian population, which is against Morsi and Muslim Brotherhood rule. This sector has been promoting peaceful demonstrations and condemning any potential violence from their own protestors, the armed forces and the pro-Morsi protestors. If the security forces were responsible for killing peaceful Morsi supporters, they would be highly discredited and their popularity would be seriously shaken.

So now we have to ask ourselves: who would benefit from this? The answer is simple. The Muslim Brotherhood. It would work in their favour to demonize the army.

There is NO evidence that the armed forces were the ones shooting at the protestors. General Sisi promised to protect peaceful protests irrespective of their affiliation and only use violence in self defence against violent protestors. His accountability would be shattered if the armed forces were behind the deaths of peaceful protestors. And that is exactly what the Muslim Brotherhood want.

Not only is it in their interest, but their own leaders have been calling on them to commit jihad against the “military coup”. They would sacrifice themselves and kill their own people to demonize the army. Ex-Muslim Brotherhood members have confirmed this. I’m not saying that they shot their own people in this specific incident. But they are acting provocatively and as the interior ministry spokesman said “They are purposely causing a crisis.” In his statement he said the Morsi supporters:

“halted traffic, set tires on fire and clashed with residents of the nearby [working class] Mansheyet Nasr district using live fire and birdshots, and this killed 21 people,”

So think before blindly believing everything you read. The Muslim Brotherhood members and other Islamist groups are religious fanatics that will resort to any measures to reach a desired end. I am not generalizing this assertion to all of the pro-Morsi demonstrators. I recognize that there are genuinely peaceful protestors among this camp. However, I condemn violence regardless of its affiliation and I am especially critical of Islamist groups that use radical rhetoric and the name of God to justify violence and jihad.

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General Sissy’s Speech (English Translation)


Speech Of General Abdelfattah El-Sissy
Deputy Prime Minister, Commander -in- Chief, Minister of Defense and Military Production
During The Graduation Ceremony of the Naval Academy
Alexandria – July 24th 2013
Before I start, I would like everyone to stand up for a moment of silence in observance of all victims who fell and every drop of blood that was recently spilled. In the name of the Armed Forces and of every Egyptian, allow me to extend my deepest condolences to the families of the victims, for every loss of a mother or a father, for every casualty, for every drop of Egyptian blood. May Allah stop all this bloodshed.

Today, I will deliver a serious message not only for the cadets and the Armed Forces, but also for all Egyptians. When I say the Egyptian Army is honorable, nationalist, and consistent, I mean every letter and word. Let me speak very openly, ever since we handed over power to a democratically elected civilian rule on 30 June 2012, we have been honest, honorable and unbiased. We have not conspired or betrayed; moreover, we have offered true counsel and advice. I will tell you details which prove that this army is great, and its personnel are honest and loyal. We don’t lie, deceive or spread rumors. We cannot do this to our people. The Egyptian people are not an enemy. Are not we one people.

On three different occasions, we provided the former president with three strategic assessments of the situation and relevant developments and recommendations on how to overcome the current crises. This is documented. We did this for the sake of our people. As part of my job, I have talked with various political and religious stakeholders. I have always stressed the idea of the “State” and “Nation”, and that the president had to be a president for all Egyptians. We have provided all stakeholders with sincere advice. Once, Sheikh EL-Howeini asked me in the presence of several Salafist icons whether they should present a candidate for presidency. He trusted me, so I responded “No”, not yet; you need more effort, knowledge and qualification especially because the next period will be critical. He thanked me and left.

I recall this situation to stress that we have provided all sides with sincere advice. We provided precise analyses, recommendations, and solutions. By March, I had stopped giving advice in this respect. We were worried that religious currents would consider Egyptian opposition as refusal of religion and as a result Egypt would face confrontations between people who believe they fight for religion and those who simply want the country to be ruled in a different way. We warned against these confrontations five months ago and foresaw that these confrontations would break out in the upcoming period if we did not take precautions.

I would like for all of you to refer to every word I have said over the past year since I took office. In November, only four or five months after the former president took office, the gap became wider. This gap had to be bridged ;otherwise, it would lead to more separation.
I presented the situation to the President before launching the initiative.

Listen carefully! He praised it. I told him to invite all political parties to the Air Defense House, and assured him that I would not be a part of that matter; and that the only reason for this meeting was to create the opportunity for all the parties to meet together, and to start the political process, that could last, and contain the disputes. Next day at noon, after sending the invitations, while I was talking to the former President to see about the arrangements for the meeting, he told me to call this meeting off. I agreed. Because I didn’t want to embarrass the Presidency, I stated the reason behind cancelling this meeting was that some political parties refused to participate.

Later, in the Military Academy, I mentioned that the national security was at potential peril in case such disputes between the State and the political powers would continue. And, it was crucial that these issues be addressed, because they would lead to grave consequences over the national security of Egypt. At this moment, my words drew the attention of some people who were speculating about the reason behind the General’s saying, and the risks he saw and cautioned about. The presidential practices went unchanged. I’d like to tell you, especially the cadets who stand before me, “Do not ever think that I misled the former President when I told him that the Egyptian army is an army for all Egyptians, and that the Egyptian army doesn’t take sides, and that it would only act under his command by the power of legitimacy conferred on him by the people, and it would never be under any other command. I’m serious. I haven’t ever misled him by assuring him that I was on his side and at his service, because our uncompromising stance originates from well-respected patriotic and religious values.

We are keen and honest regarding national matters as we would be held accountable before God on Judgment Day. I always say this because we will be judged one day and there is no one capable of deceiving God, because God can see deep through us.

I’d like to stress that all the statements I’ve issued, I swear to God, I showed to the president and told him that such statement would be published shortly, before it was published. I am not saying that for only the Egyptians to take pride in their Army, but also for the sake of our officers, non-commissioned officers and conscripts. Stand tall son. Be very proud, for that we are people who fear God.

Six months ago, I told the former president to take care; the project he was up to could not be implemented. I asked him terminate this project.

In only 7 months, you surpassed your opponents, who have been trying to damage your reputation for thirty years, in tarnishing your own image. The size of the refusal and rejection towards the ideology you are introducing is greater than you could ever imagine. This is what I have told the President during very friendly and casual meetings, neither in quarrels nor on live broadcasts. However, I was trying to convey the reality in the Egyptian street and public opinion in order to shake him up and make him act before it was too late. We did not deceive the President when we said in a statement, heard by all the people, that we had 7 days as an ultimatum before the 30th of June in order to find a way out of the crisis. 7 days. We told him that, and we told the Egyptians too. In addition, in several meetings, we proposed solutions to find a way out of the crisis. Indeed, the 48-hour ultimatum was not a surprise. We did not take such action and move tanks into streets while everything was normal. We aired a statement via the media. We read the statement to the President before we aired it via the media. We told him that we still had 48 hours to find a way out of the crisis. I have told him that political pride stipulates that when the majority of the people revolt against the President, he should leave office, or would try to renew the confidence through a referendum in order to prevent sedition. In this referendum all Egyptians vote Yes or No. All these solutions were introduced by me and by delegates. I have sent 3 delegates, not 2, to him: the Prime Minister, the former President of Shura Council and Dr. Seleem Al Awaa telling the former president that a way out of the crisis was possible and that he would take the initiative by announcing a referendum over his being in office.

This was on the 3rd of July. Clearly, his answer was “No”. So, what would have happened after that? What would have happened if these millions who had taken to the streets felt desperate and frustrated and dealt with this issue with violence? Then, the Islamists would start to fight back. Thus, Egyptians would have fought each other. This is what we have warned against at the Military Academy where we said that the Egyptian national security was at stake and we could slip into a dark tunnel.

We said that more than 7 months ago. Today, I am saying that to all the Egyptians because today and during the past 2 weeks, I have heard many rumors. We are currently taking many actions. The Armed Forces and the police are still keen about all the Egyptians. However, because I am accountable before the Egyptians and the Armed Forces, and to hold myself unaccountable before Allah, I said, and I am saying, and repeating that “This Armed Forces is at your disposal”- “This Armed Forces is at your disposal”.

I have repeatedly mentioned that this Army is driven only by the will of the Egyptians. Do you believe the quote “The best soldiers on earth” by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is meaningless?! The relationship between the Egyptians and their army is so special. They cannot be separated. When I learn that civilians get military uniform and many countries are smuggling weapons into Egypt, and roamers, that part of the Egyptian army has defected, spread, the conspiracy becomes clear. So, the conspiracy here is that in the coming period, rumors that the Egyptian army is split and is fighting each other will spread. Be careful. I swear to Allah, “The Egyptian army is as united as one”. This is for granted. The Egyptian army is one of a kind, and such division can never happen. Massing people, telling them that it is jihad for Allah, manipulating facts, and disregarding the reality is misleading. I am calling on all sides for a halt to reconsider.

I am calling for you to ponder on that: Is it right to say “We either rule or destroy the nation”. Does this make any sense? Does your ideology call for that? Are you willing to destroy your army if it does not take your side? This can never happen. It is an extremely dangerous matter. I want to mention something, for you Egyptians, the army, the police, and the political powers to watch out, and for Al-Azhar and the church to shoulder their responsibility. Why? Because we will not wait until it is too late. I can see that someone is trying to drive this country to a dangerous cliff. When the Egyptians poured down the streets in millions, the army yielded to their will. Please, no one should ever have a second thought that the roadmap we proposed and procedures we took may be compromised. We said to all who came to us that we were ready for elections that would be supervised by anyone: the United Nations, the European Union, and the Francophone member states. We aspire for elections approved worldwide. We say so because if you can secure majority and have the approval of the public opinion, this will be reflected in the upcoming elections.

The upcoming elections will be decisive and if you deserve this position, the majority will be with you, and you will be able to form the government, choose the president and rule the country. If the Egyptians accepted so, it’s OK. We don’t have a choice without the consent of the Egyptians. Don’t think of using violence and terrorism. Let me stop at these two terms and tell you something which really happened before the speech that was delivered at the Cairo International Conference Center, I told two of their leaders that the situation was really dangerous and there had to be a genuine reconciliation with all state institutions. I thought that the concept of the state might not have been clear enough for them. This means reconciliation with the Church, with Al-Azhar, with the Judiciary, with the Police, with the media and even with the Egyptian public opinion. We reached an agreement concerning reconciliation. Next day, I stayed with the former President for two hours from 11:00 to 1:00 trying to tell him the main points of the speech that might help achieve these goals, and he assured me that he would address these points in his speech. I went to the Cairo International Conference Center and I was surprised that what he said wasn’t the speech we had agreed together on. I’m telling you, I’m not a guardian of the former president. No, but we were nothing but sincere, honest and faithful men who feared God. And he who fears God can never be defeated, can never be defeated.

It was a totally different speech which alienated everybody. You all have heard it. What I want to tell you is that during the two-hour meeting with two of their leaders, one hour was taken up in telling me that if a big problem had occurred, there would have been a lot of violence because they had armed groups and so on. And they thought that I would be terrified. No! This can never happen. A country can never be ruled that way. Egypt can never be ruled that way. And I told them that it would be a disaster if you thought that way. I had been telling them that for 5 months, you can never deal with the Egyptian people or with any other nation using violence. I told you before in my last speech, we were at a crossroad. I’m talking to all the Egyptians, when I told the former president that millions of the Egyptians were in the streets he said “No”, “No, they were only hundreds or may be thousands and when I showed him the aerial photos taken by the Air force, I told him that they were a lot and we could not ignore the will of the people in such way.

I would like to remind you of the former SCAF’ wish during their period, to enable the Egyptians to make their free choices and that meant that they decided to hold clean and fair elections to allow the Egyptians, who massed on the 28th of January and regained their will, to keep their will, and I will never go against the people’s will.

It is true that Legitimacy comes from the people through the voting as a means and a mechanism. It would be easier if there were mechanisms to solve the situation other than people’s protests in millions. People grant legitimacy via voting, but they can reconsider it and even withdraw it. Whenever people do that, we have to respect it. I want to assure you that we have come to a crossroads. I would like to tell the Egyptians that we have met their expectations and responded to their orders. Frankly, I request that all honest Egyptians mass in the streets this Friday.

Why should people mass in the streets? To give me a mandate and an order to confront potential violence and terrorism, and to show the world their will as they have done before. I haven’t requested anything from you. Also, I don’t have the right to do so, but I’d like you to reaffirm to the world, as you did on June 30th ,and July 3rd , that you have your own free will and decision, and to show them that the will and decision are made here. That means in such cases of terrorism or violence, the army and the police are mandated to confront them. Please undertake this responsibility with me, your army, and the police. Show the world the stoutness of the real Egyptians while facing current events. I don’t mean that you should use violence or terrorism, on the contrary, there is a call for national reconciliation, transitional justice and today there will be a meeting in the presidency with all political and religious currents to reach a real understanding among each other.

We know how to understand each other, but we need to learn how to argue with each other and how to react when facing a disagreement. Friday will be the day when we meet with all Egyptians. The police and the Army will secure the demonstrations, not only in Cairo and Alexandria, but also in all the governorates all over the country.

Finally, I would like to deliver a message for all fellow officers, non-commissioned officers, and conscripts: You are the best soldiers on earth. You are honorable. You have tolerated a lot for the sake of our people and nation. Rest assured that Egypt will remain consistent. I thank all Armed Forces and police officers and personnel for the role they have played recently.

We have always stressed that the people, the Army, and the police are one hand. I said this at AL-Gala’a Club in the presence of the former Interior Minister and the police officers. We do not have enmity or sensitivity with anyone. All Egyptians are our brothers and sisters, and they should treat us the same way.

Thank you and God bless Egypt.

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How we are radicalizing the pro-Morsi protestors


It is true that the Muslim Brotherhood is a terrorist group, or at least has terrorist tendencies. In the name of defending their seat in power and under the banner of defending democracy and legitimacy, the Brotherhood has responded to what they consider to be a military coup with threats of violence and jihad. They have defined political differences of opinion along religious lines, claiming that the anti-Morsi protestors are infidels. To them, this is not a political struggle, this is a religious one and they believe they have to defend Islam against infidels. They believe they are defending the divine religion of God and although there have been some doubts over claims that the Muslim Brotherhood are behind the violence witnessed on the streets and in Sinai over the past few days, you only have to look at the violent and radical rhetoric of the Muslim Brotherhood leaders to realize that they are behind most, if not all of the violence they are accused of.

However, our problem is that we generalize these terrorist intentions to the general pro-Morsi protestors. We forget that it is only the Brotherhood apparatus and leadership that expresses violent acts, not the whole of the pro-Morsi camp. This camp is composed of regular individuals that hold the belief that the events of June 3 were a military coup and that this poses a danger to the democratic process that was instigated by the 2011 revolution. These people have the right to hold this belief and to peacefully protest. We forget this as we support the army in its decision to suppress the dangerous elements of the Muslim Brotherhood, which is justifiable in terms of maintaining national security. But because we forget that there are legitimate and peaceful protestors in the pro-Morsi demonstrations, we forget their need to have their demands heard and have concessions made to them. All they want is to safeguard the democratic process in Egypt and the interm government needs to convince them that it is not diverting from the principles of democracy. A possible way to do this is to hold a referendum on whether or not the Egyptians want to reinstate Morsi as president. However, by generalizing the violent acts of individual Muslim Brotherhood members and ignoring (often unintentionally) the legitimate demands of the peaceful protestors in the pro-Morsi camp, we are further dividing the country and radicalizing the pro-Morsi protestors.

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Wrong move General Sisi


The Egyptian minister of defence General Abdul Fatah Al-Sisi has called for massive demonstration on Friday July 26, 2013 to give him the mandate to confront violence and terrorism. Up until this point I have held a lot of respect for General Sisi, who bowed to the demand of millions of anti-Morsi protestors by removing the tyrannical president and has since then remained clear of the political scene as promised. Although I continue to respect him, I have begun to doubt his judgement. General Sisi is risking the safety of the anti-Morsi camp by asking for them to protest on the same day that the Morsi supporters are planning a huge demonstration.

It is indisputable that the Muslim Brotherhood (MB) is a violent group. Since Morsi’s removal from power, their rhetoric has been disturbingly violent in nature as they have vowed to fight what they consider to be a military coup with their blood and as their leaders have rallied them to commit jihad in the name of protecting democracy. Since then, there have been many deaths of both army soldiers and MB members. The MB has been accused of killing the soldiers and even of killing their own protestors to frame it on the army and portray them as brutal against peaceful protestors. Whether or not this is true, (and knowing the radical nature of the MB, it may very well be) the army now seeks to end the violence on the streets.

Nevertheless, despite the fact that the MB does poes a threat to national security and does need to be dealt with, this is not the way to do it. It is one thing to crack down on the violent members of the MB that pose a threat to national security. It’s a whole other thing to request the mandate of the people through a demonstration to do so. General Sisi’s declaration has been perceived as a declaration or instigation of civil war by the Muslim Brotherhood. Rather than encouraging reconciliation, this move is deepening the divide in Egypt and creating volatile conditions where the possibility of a civil war is not as far-fetched anymore. Especially since the MB will perceive this declaration as a threat to their survival as a group, and considering their radical nature, they will respond violently.

I understand that attempts at reconciliation with the MB are practically hopeless because they have laid down impractical preconditions for dialogue that lack any sort of pragmatism, such as: the reinstatement of Morsi as president, the recognition that the removal of Morsi was a military coup and the apology of the military for the violence against the pro-Mosri protests among other things. Moreover, they have refused invitations to be included in the interm government. Nevertheless, bringing the anti- and pro-Morsi protests onto the streets at the same time during such a tense period is a provocative move that can only end in bloodshed.

It is clear that we no longer just need a roadmap for democracy in Egypt, we need a roadmap to reunite Egyptians once again.

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An Analysis of Morsi’s Speech (2 June 2013)


Morsi’s speech:

  • He did not address the main grievances of the protesters, which were mainly economic. He proposed to make political reforms such as revising the constitution and reshuffling the government. However, he did not lay out a plan to strengthen the crippling economy.
  • He proved to have a narrow understanding of the meaning of democratic legitimacy. He did not recognize that despite being democratically elected, in the eyes of the people his incompetence and the incompetence of his government have delegitimized him.
  • He tried to win over the support of the army by praising them after the ultimatum that they gave him humiliatingly undermined his authority.
  • He repeatedly denounced the escalation of violence by the protesters, however he did not realize that by not addressing the demands of the anti-Morsi protesters and by raising the confidence of the pro-Morsi protesters as they are protecting democracy and fighting anti-revolutionary forces he is actually deepening the division and inciting future violence between the two sides.
  • Simultaneously, he made the same rhetorical mistake Mubarak made of threatening the Egyptian people that it was either him or a civil war. This doesn’t only incite violence, it also proves to the people that Morsi and the Muslim Brotherhood have a dichotomous mentality. It is clear that he is not willing to find a productive solution if it means he has to sacrifice his power.
  • He admitted to making errors, but has yet again failed to be explicit about what they are. The people want to hold their president accountable for his mistakes and move forward, but they cannot do so if he is unwilling to explicitly recognize them. His timid attempts to appease his people in this regard has proven unsatisfactory to the critical Egyptian protester.
  • He repeatedly blamed all the problems of the country on the corruption of the remnants of the old regime. If this is the case, then it is Morsi and his government that have failed to effectively cleanse the country of this corruption. His emphasis on the felool’s responsibility in Egypt’s poor economic situation is a sign of his own weakness.
  • He warned the Egyptians to beware that the protests are encouraged by remnants of the old regime who want to bring back autocratic rule. This was not only condescending, it was also a clear rhetorical strategy aimed at undermining the protests.
  • And finally, he refused the main demand of the people, which was for him to step down. Morsi will have to make dramatic political changes in order to appease the protesters while still remaining in power. If he can do this, then this will be his first true success as the president of Egypt. However, if he cannot, he needs to humbly resign as president and convince the Muslim Brotherhood that this is the best solution for the stability of the country in order to avoid further bloodshed. Neither of these scenarios are likely to happen and the fear of not knowing how the next few days are going to unfold grip us all.
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